In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, government officials and medical professionals are highly recommending people to practice proper hygiene to prevent the virus from spreading quickly. Observing proper hygiene includes keeping one’s hands clean, covering one’s mouth when sneezing or coughing, disinfecting frequently used surfaces, and avoiding touching one’s face.
- Keeping hands clean- According to the World Health Organization, touching the eyes, mouth, or nose with dirty hands is the main reason for germ transmission. When washing hands with soap and water, one should be sure to wash between the fingers, fingernails, and thumbs, which should take at least 20 seconds. If one’s hands are not physically dirty, using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, containing at least 60% alcohol, would also suffice.
- Avoid touching the face- Dirty hands making contact with the eyes, mouth, or nose, is a common way for germs to easily spread. Therefore, remember to wash one’s hands thoroughly, if one must touch their face.
- Covering the mouth when sneezing or coughing- When coughing or sneezing, it is crucial to block the small water droplets that could contain certain viruses or bacteria. Sneezing and coughing into one’s elbow or into one’s shirt would be the most effective way to prevent any droplets from spreading.
- Disinfecting frequently used surfaces- Keyboards, phone screens, doorknobs, and light switches are common surfaces that need to be cleaned often as stated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. When cleaning regularly used surfaces, it prevents any germs from spreading quicker. Using soap and water, household cleaners, or alcohol solutions containing at least 70% alcohol will be adequate when cleaning.
Performing etiquette cleanliness is not only vital to prevent one from getting sick, but to also further contain the virus from spreading. Further information can be founded at cdc.gov or who.int.